What free Mk1 Equipment will i get on a new ship?

When you buy a new ship, those ships always come with some Mk1 Modules.

Where can i see which Mk1 Modules are included on new ships?

I’m not sure you can, but you can expect all interceptors to have plasma gun, all fighters to have railgun and all frigates beam cannon. With standard thermal missiles.

You can’t change what’s on them anyways, and are typically the kind of modules you never upgrade to so much as green. There’s a lot of shield regeneration, lot of pulse dischargers and leak stabilizers, and weaker role modules like particle purge and shield stations.